Pressestimmen und Analysen

Eine kleine Auswahl an Berichten und Analysen zu den Münchner Debatten

"Munich Security Conference 2015 - Key security challenges ahead" (Carmen-Cristina Cirlig, European Parliament Research Service Briefing, 19. Februar): "[W]orld leaders, former and current politicians, as well as media and civil society representatives gathered for the 51st Munich Security Conference (MSC), an increasingly important forum for debate and exchange of views among the world's security community. [...] The underlying theme of the conference focused on the dangers of a collapse in the global order, of its institutions and, most importantly, of the principles on which it has been built since the Second World War."


"United Against Putin, Divided on How to Stop Him" (Serge Schmemann, International New York Times, 10. Februar) "It was at the venerable Munich Security Conference in 2007 that Vladimir Putin first sounded the resentful Cold War blast that now defines his foreign policy, bitterly accusing the United States of seeking a monopoly on global power. Subsequent Munich conferences were marked by desultory efforts to 'reset' the relationship, to maintain the appearance at least of collegiality. All that was before Ukraine. At the security conference this past weekend in a bitterly cold Bavarian capital, the talk in the hall packed with generals, defense ministers, lawmakers and senior politicians was not of Russia’s place in a European security order."

"Western Illusions Over Ukraine" (Roger Cohen, New York Times, 9. Februar) "Lavrov’s performance here reflected the alternate universe in which the Russian spaceship has docked almost a quarter-century after the collapse of the Soviet Union. George Orwell’s doublethink scarcely begins to describe his assertions."


"Proceed with Caution on Iranian Diplomacy" (David Ignatius, Washington Post, 9. Februar) "Sitting next to Iran’s foreign minister on Sunday as he said that another extension of the nuclear talks isn't 'in the interests of anybody,' it seemed clear that this particular can isn't going to get kicked down the road much farther."

"Spotlight: Munich meeting ends with Europe-U.S. clash over Ukraine" (Tang Zhiqiang/He Mengshu, Xinhua, 9. Februar) "The just-concluded Munich Security Conference underlined international security cooperation, yet divergences over the Ukraine crisis remain - not only between the West and Russia, but also inside the Western camp. The meeting, which closed Sunday, saw Europe and the United States at odds over whether to offer arms to the Ukrainian government to support its battle against independence-seeking insurgents in the eastern part of the country."


"Deadline Nearing, Iran Presses for Progress in Nuclear Talks" (Michael R. Gordon/Steven Erlanger, New York Times, 8. Februar) "Iran’s foreign minister, Mohammad Javad Zarif, said Sunday that Tehran did not favor another extension of the talks on limiting its nuclear program and expected economic sanctions to be quickly lifted if an accord was reached."

"Eiskalter Wind der Unversöhnlichkeit" (Klaus-Dieter Frankenberger, Frankfurter Allgemeine, 8. Februar) "Auf der Münchener Sicherheitskonferenz redeten Russen und Amerikaner gegeneinander, Zusammenhänge wurden dreist auf den Kopf gestellt. Und die Geschlossenheit des Westens hat erste Risse bekommen. Putins Krieg darf uns nicht auseinandertreiben."

"Europe Pushes for Diplomatic Solution in Ukraine Amid Calls for Arming Kiev" (Anton Troianovski/Laurence Norman/Julian Barnes, The Wall Street Journal, 8. Februar) "Munich - The diplomatic scramble to calm the resurgent Ukraine crisis spilled into the open here on Saturday, as Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko urged an immediate cease-fire, while German Chancellor Angela Merkel countered calls from some U.S. senators for the West to deliver weapons to Ukraine."

"Crisis in Ukraine Underscores Opposing Lessons of Cold War" (Alison Smale, New York Times, 8. Februar) "The Cold War is history, but its spirit this weekend stalked the security conference held here each winter for the past 51 years."


"Frostiger Blick in tiefe Gräben" (Nina Werkhäuser, Deutsche Welle, 8. Februar) "Sergej Lawrow sitzt isoliert auf dem Podium, nur Konferenzleiter Wolfgang Ischinger ist bei ihm. Der Begrüßungsapplaus fällt spärlich aus, dann legt der russische Außenminister los. Mit versteinerter Miene geißelt er die Fehler, die der Westen seiner Ansicht nach auf Kosten Russlands gemacht habe. Und das nicht erst seit dem Beginn der Ukraine-Krise im vergangenen Jahr, sondern im letzten Vierteljahrhundert, also seit dem Ende des Kalten Krieges."


"Merkel downbeat as world awaits Putin’s response to latest Ukraine peace plan" (Julian Borger, The Guardian, 7. Februar) "Angela Merkel, who travelled with Hollande to Moscow on Friday evening to set out their proposal, was downbeat about its prospects on Saturday. The German chancellor told the annual Munich Security Conference: “It is uncertain whether it will lead to success but, from my point of view and that of the French president, it is definitely worth trying.”


"Europeans Laugh as Lavrov Talks Ukraine" (Josh Rogin, Bloomberg View, 7. Februar) "In the span of 45 minutes today, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov rewrote the history of the Cold War, accused the West of fomenting a coup in Ukraine and declared himself a champion of the United Nations Charter. The crowd here in Germany laughed at and then booed him, but he didn’t seem to care."


"Western Nations Split on Arming Kiev Forces" (Michael R. Gordon/Alison Smale/Steven Erlanger, New York Times, 7. Februar) "Differences within the Western alliance over whether to send defensive arms to Ukraine were thrust into the open on Saturday when Angela Merkel, the German chancellor, bluntly opposed providing lethal military support to Kiev and called instead for continued efforts to persuade Russia and separatist forces to cease fire."


"Real existierende Angst" (Christoph von Marschall/Barbara Junge, Tagesspiegel, 7. Februar) "Der Ton ist hart, die Hoffnung auf eine Lösung der Ukrainekrise gering. In München ist erstmals seit vielen Jahren die Furcht vor einem Krieg zwischen Russland und der Nato zu spüren. [...] Alle haben verstanden, wie ernst Angela Merkel die Lage einschätzt und wie ungewiss es geworden ist, ob man mit Wladimir Putin überhaupt noch zu verlässlichen Absprachen kommen kann."


"Urgency increases from world leaders trying to broker Moscow-Ukraine cease-fire" (Anthony Faiola/Carol Morello, Washington Post, 7. Februar) "The viability of a joint French and German proposal to halt fighting in eastern Ukraine faced significant hurdles Saturday as European and American officials attending a security conference demanded that Russia withdraw its troops while Russian officials blamed the United States for the escalating violence."


"U.S.-Germany Rift on Ukraine Aids Putin" (Josh Rogin, Bloomberg View, 7. Februar) "The crisis in Ukraine is at the top of the agenda here at the Munich Security Conference, and almost all the officials attending (not counting the Russians) agree that the situation is deteriorating rapidly and that Western countries must do something drastic to alter the course of events and influence Russian President Vladimir Putin. But that’s where the agreement ends. And the growing rift between the U.S. and Europe over the way forward in Ukraine only plays into the hands of Russian President Vladimir Putin and the pro-Russian separatists inside Ukraine."


"The Dialogue of the Deaf Between the West and Russia" (Judy Dempsey, Carnegie Europe, 7. Februar) "After listening to Merkel give her candid view about very complex issues from the crisis in Ukraine to hybrid warfare, it was instructive to hear Lavrov. The Russian, who comes to Munich each year for this annual gathering of world leaders, defense chiefs, and security experts, could have simply sent a video of his performance of last year."


"Als habe der Kalte Krieg nur Pause gemacht" (Daniel Brössler, Süddeutsche Zeitung, 7. Februar) "Sergej Lawrow hat seine eigentliche Rede schon beendet, als er zum Kern der Dinge kommt. Warum denn die Ukraine büßen soll für den Frust der Russen über die Amerikaner [...]. Manche [...] würden ja glauben, der Ukraine-Konflikt müsse gelöst werden, dann werde alles wieder gut. 'Es ist umgekehrt', belehrt Lawrow das Publikum. Erst müsse wieder eine internationale Sicherheitsordnung hergestellt werden, dann folge auch die Lösung für die Ukraine."


"Merkel warns Ukraine peace plan may fail, but worth the effort" (Stefan Wagstyl/Sam Jones, Financial Times, 7. Februar) "German chancellor Angela Merkel has warned that she may fail in her last-ditch attempt to ease the Ukraine crisis but said it was worth the effort for the sake of the people of Ukraine and the defence of peace and stability in Europe. [...] Speaking at the Munich Security Conference, Europe’s largest security gathering, a tired-looking chancellor said it was uncertain whether her initiative 'will be crowned with success. But in my view and the view of the French president it was worth it. We owe it to the people of Ukraine.'"


"Deutschland will führen – aber ohne Pickelhaube" (Thorsten Jungholt, Die Welt, 7. Februar) "Deutschland ist bereit, international mehr Verantwortung zu übernehmen. Das war vor einem Jahr die zentrale Botschaft der Münchner Sicherheitskonferenz, verkündet von Bundespräsident Joachim Gauck. Offen blieb damals allerdings, was genau das bedeutet. [...] Diese Lücke versuchte Verteidigungsministerin Ursula von der Leyen in diesem Jahr zu schließen. [...] Zu was ist Deutschland dann bereit? 'Führung aus der Mitte', sagte von der Leyen."


"Europe's Losing Information War" (Judy Dempsey, Carnegie, 6. Februar) "The panel included General Philip Breedlove, NATO’s military commander (and the United States’ top soldier in Europe), Edward Lucas, the Economist’s energy editor, and Ine Eriksen Søreide, Norway’s minister of defense. [...] They all have their own experiences and interpretation of hybrid warfare, a relatively new term that has come in for much use and criticism ever since Russia sent 'little green men' into parts of eastern Ukraine over a year ago. [...] Modern warfare has changed, in some cases so far beyond recognition that the old NATO handbooks have to be thrown in the bin. Yet that is no excuse for European governments, the EU, and the media not to deal with hybrid warfare [...] Lucas spelled out the role of Russia’s powerful propaganda machine, arguing that it has had a free ride, largely because the Europeans have been so slow to react."


"Ukraine Insists Any Pact With Russia Must Adhere to Terms of September Accord" (David M. Herszenhorn, New York Times, 6. Februar) "Washington and NATO have been more open to the possibility of sending arms to Ukraine. Speaking at a security conference in Munich on Friday, NATO's top commander, Gen. Philip M. Breedlove, said military support should not be excluded if economic sanctions and diplomatic pressure fail to persuade Russia to cease its military support for the separatists in Ukraine. [...] As the security conference got under way, the German defense minister, Ursula von der Leyen, came under pressure over German refusal to supply Ukraine with weapons. Stressing that it was important to remain united in Europe over Ukraine, Ms. von der Leyen argued that negotiations with Russia, unlike with Islamic State jihadists, were possible."


"Aus der Mitte führen, gemeinsam kämpfen" (Daniel Brössler, Süddeutsche Zeitung, 6. Februar) "Ursula von der Leyen ist die erste Rednerin der Sicherheitskonferenz und sie weiß, wie hoch die Erwartungen sind. Die Bundesverteidigungsministerin hat selbst mitgewirkt vor einem Jahr, als sie im Gleichklang mit Bundespräsident Joachim Gauck und Außenminister Frank-Walter Steinmeier eine Bundesrepublik präsentiert hatte, die sich ihrer internationalen Verantwortung bewusst ist. Diesmal, angesichts des Kriegs in der Ostukraine und des IS-Terrors, geht es um Erwartungsmanagement. 'Verstehen wir unter Führung das Führen mit der Pickelhaube? Nein', stellt von der Leyen klar."


"Munich hangs Ukraine hopes on Merkel-Hollande plan" (Michael Knigge, Deutsche Welle, 6. Februar) "Given the many previous failed efforts to bring Ukraine closer to a sustainable peace, optimists who believe that this time it will be different are hard to find in Munich. But, at least for now, the Merkel-Hollande initiative has given the Munich Security Conference very profound purpose."


"Münchner Sicherheitskonferenz: Die Welt dreht sich um ihn" (Gregor Peter Schmitz, Spiegel Online, 6. Februar): "Ein gespaltenes Europa, offener Streit mit Putin und neue Bedrohungen wie der IS. Auf der Sicherheitskonferenz in München fragen sich die Mächtigen: Wer kann überhaupt noch regieren?. [...] So könnte München zum Ort für eine Grundsatzdebatte werden, wie einig untereinander die Europäer bleiben, wie entschlossen gegenüber Russland - und wie eng die Amerikaner die Abstimmung mit ihnen suchen."